Correct diet for gout, sample menu. Recommended and prohibited foods

The modern world is full of all kinds of food temptations. At every step we are met by shops with bars, chips, buns, pies and other things, which seem to be tasty, but will certainly sooner or later lead to diseases of the stomach and digestion in general.

In ancient times, when such diseases occurred, the patient did not know about the methods of treatment and led a usual lifestyle, aggravating his condition, which ultimately resulted in disastrous consequences and sometimes even fatal outcomes.

There are now many treatment options for gastrointestinal and gastrointestinal disorders. But for their successful treatment, you need to limit yourself and completely revise your usual diet.

What do we call gout?

salt deposition in gout

Gout is a disease that is directly related to a disorder in the human body. With gout, salts from uric acid are retained in the joint tissues, which leads to very serious consequences. Gout was first mentioned during the time when Hippocrates lived, then there were many of its manifestations.

Today, the disease is fortunately less common, with about three cases per thousand people, although outbreaks have become more frequent in recent years.

Such an increase in the percentage of morbidity with this disease is associated with the food that people eat and with its volume.

Initially, an acute increase in the concentration of uric acid in a person's blood leads to the disease. Derivatives of this concentration are carried through the body with the help of blood and are deposited in joints, muscles and even organs. Such deposits are dangerous because the infected tissue can be destroyed. An increase in the concentration of this acid is caused by the fact that the kidneys do not have time to process and remove from the body its excessive abundant production. Also, the problem can arise due to diseases and malfunctioning of the kidneys.

The first symptoms of the disease are joint pain, redness of the big toes, and fever. It is worth noting a very important point that if you do not go to the doctor at the first symptoms and delay the disease, the affected joint will be completely destroyed, and this will entail disability, and if the organ is destroyed, then constant pain and death are possible. That is why it is necessary to take the disease as seriously as possible.

The manifestation of gout directly depends on how and what a person eats and how he lives. It is not without reason that gout was previously called the "disease of kings", since an inactive lifestyle, the constant use of fatty, heavy foods, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, together cause metabolic problems, and as a result, similar diseases. Therefore, in the treatment of gout, strict adherence to an appropriate diet and diet to reduce acid production is considered very important and even the main point. To find out the level of uric acid in the blood, you just need to donate blood for analysis.

How to eat right?

fruits for gout

The specificity of developing a diet for patients with gout is aimed at restoring uric acid metabolism in the body. If you do not take urgent measures to restore this level, then excess acids (sodium urate) are debugged throughout the body, provoking widespread inflammation.

In addition to setting the necessary diet, doctors advise to undergo treatment with medications, as well as persistently engage in physiotherapy procedures, in addition, a person with gout is advised to lead a more active lifestyle, walk, and exercise in the fresh air.

Speaking about the diet, it should be noted that a necessary step will be the exclusion of a number of contraindicated foods from the diet. When the disease worsens, you can not eat fish and meat, it is imperative to arrange fasting days at least twice a week, and ideally every other day.

Fasting days for a gout patient are:

  • Fruit and vegetable. You need to eat one and a half kilograms of fruits per day, which are allowed by the diet.
  • Milk and kefir. In this case, the patient must drink up to two liters of this liquid per day.
  • Curd and kefir. It is necessary to eat four hundred grams of cottage cheese and drink half a liter of kefir.

Such fasting days are useful in that they contribute to the dissolution of uric acid in the body and its removal. When the exacerbation of the disease subsides, the patient can continue to eat fish and meat, but strictly steamed, boiled or baked. It is worth remembering that you need to eat these products a maximum of three times a week, and not more often.

It is necessary to adhere to the correct water regime. You need to drink about three liters of clean water a day. You need to drink it an hour before meals during an exacerbation of the disease. If there is no exacerbation, then the water can be replaced with another liquid, the main thing is that it is natural and fresh. You can also drink alkaline mineral water.

Fasting is contraindicated in gout, in this case the acid level will rise sharply, it is better to eat little, but often.

Recommended menu for gout

With gout, you need to eat natural and healthy foods. From these products, you can make up a menu for every day, but you should consult your doctor about their dosage, since the diet for everyone can be individual.

List of acceptable products:

  1. Meat products: turkey, rabbit, chicken; chicken eggs.
  2. Lean fish; seafood: squid, shrimp.
  3. Cereals: wheat groats, oatmeal, millet, rice, buckwheat.
  4. Pasta; black and white bread.
  5. Vegetables: white cabbage, zucchini, eggplants, cucumbers, beets, potatoes, carrots.
  6. Onions, garlic, dill.
  7. Fruits: citrus fruits, apples, pears, apricots, melons and watermelons, peaches.
  8. Berries: everything is possible, except for grapes and raspberries; dried fruits other than raisins; nuts.
  9. Sweet: non-chocolates, candy, marmalade, jam, marshmallow, honey.
  10. Natural drinks: juices, fruit drinks, fruit drinks, kvass, an hour with lemon, rosehip or bran broth.
  11. First courses without broth, olive oil; second courses are boiled products or steamed.
grocery basket for gout

You can eat other foods, but in small quantities, such as boiled sausages, bacon, sausages. You can eat tomatoes and plums about two a day and about twice a week.

Salt should be completely eliminated or its use should be significantly limited. It is better to cook food completely without salt and add some salt to the prepared dishes already on the table. Of course, pickles, pickles and most of the spices should be removed from the diet.

It is recommended to reduce the consumption of protein foods (especially red meat), since the accelerated metabolism of proteins provokes an increase in the concentration of urate. If you are overweight, you should also limit carbohydrate foods (especially baked goods, pastries).

Honey and figs, plums, grapes, some types of vegetables and root crops (turnip, celery, rhubarb, cauliflower, pepper), as well as mushrooms should be included in your diet only during remission.

Otherwise, it is necessary to consult a doctor, who will prescribe a more detailed diet for a certain degree of the disease.