Diet for gastritis: menus, recipes and principles of home nutrition

Nutritional therapy for gastritis reduces stomach discomfort and pain caused by inflammation.

Correctly selected menu contributes to the effectiveness of therapeutic measures, normalization of digestion. The diet for gastritis of the stomach includes treatment tables No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The choice of a specific menu depends on the level of acidity, the phase of the disease. Tables 1, 4, 5 have several options. In the number of the main diet, they are designated by letters and are used based on the severity of the symptoms, the period of the disease (acute, fading, chronic form).

How Much Should You Diet With Gastritis? Strict control is necessary during an exacerbation and in the first months after. But ideally, a patient diagnosed with gastritis should adhere to the recommended table during remission. However, menu extensions and holiday exceptions are possible. If only within reasonable limits, and if we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

Diet for gastritis of the stomach: basic rules

As for the organization of the diet for gastritis at home, the gastroenterologist advises patients to adhere to five key rules.

diet rules for gastritis
  1. Food processing. For gastritis, foods must be thermally processed. Even raw vegetables and fruits are an exceptional case. Meat and fish are not eaten in pieces. These products are separated from bones, skin, tendons and prepared in the form of meatballs, cutlets, cabbage rolls.
  2. Fractional menu. Food for gastritis should be frequent. But you need to eat in small portions, at regular intervals. Ideally, the patient eats four to five times a day every three hours. The last meal is no later than 19: 00. Patients diagnosed with gastritis should chew all food well.
  3. Drink plenty of fluids. With gastritis, you should drink a lot. Especially still alkaline drinks. The following waters are suitable for patients with gastritis: "Essentuki", "Borzhomi", "Mirgorodskaya". To remove carbon dioxide, the bottle is uncorked and placed in a bowl of warm water for about 20 minutes. This drink is useful before meals. In addition to medicinal water, for gastritis, patients are shown compotes from dried fruits and fresh berries.
  4. First courses. Soups are a must in the diet of a patient with gastritis. However, preference is given to vegetarian recipes or second or third non-rich meat broths.
  5. Cooking food. It is forbidden for patients with gastritis to eat very hot or very cold foods. Food can be steamed, boiled, or baked without the crust. Nothing fried, pickled, canned, fermented with a diagnosis of gastritis is impossible. Porridge is boiled in water or in half milk without butter. Moreover, in the stage of exacerbation of gastritis and in the presence of severe clinical symptoms, it is better to follow the recommendations for cooking, which are prescribed by the therapeutic diet No. 1. It was developed by Manuil Pevzner. In particular, it is preferable to eat food in pure form. The products are brought to the state of a soufflé or pate with a sieve, as well as a blender. Table number 1 is usually prescribed during an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease.

In many ways, the dietary diet for gastritis resembles the menu recommended for children in the first years of life. There is no place for fatty, fried and sweet things. Dishes are prepared without spices and with a minimum amount of flavoring spices. And in order to facilitate the digestion process, food is chopped as much as possible.

Principles of the Low Acid Diet

The main task of nutrition in this type of gastritis is to stimulate the production of enzymes and acid in the stomach, to speed up the passage of food into the intestines.

Preference should be given to pureed and liquid food, but, unlike other forms of gastritis, acidic foods are acceptable, for example, kefir, fresh cottage cheese, citrus fruits. Outside the period of exacerbations, you can even eat fried food, but strictly without breading and limiting the amount of oil. The temperature of food should be no higher than 60 degrees and no lower than 15. The calorie content of the daily diet is up to 2500-3000 kcal.

Principles of a diet for gastritis with high acidity

Regardless of the causes of inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it is important to follow the diet when treating gastritis with high acidity.

It is similar to the treatment of the acute phase: no fried, salty, smoked, spicy food, a lot of liquid and puréed food, small portions. Products should not provoke the secretion of gastric juice, stay in the stomach for a long time and additionally irritate the mucous membrane. The principles of nutrition are almost identical to the diet for acute gastritis, however, cutlets, meatballs are introduced into the diet, the daily salt intake is slightly increased (up to 8 g), and bakery products are allowed. Food is best cooked by steam, stewed, boiled or baked, eaten warm, chewing thoroughly.

Normal calorie intake for gastritis with high acidity is 2200–2500 kcal. Often, the patient is additionally prescribed vitamin complexes to compensate for the lack of vitamins.

Diet Principles for Acute Disease

If an exacerbation of the disease occurs, then it would be reasonable for this period to completely exclude any food for the patient and give his digestive system a rest. In the event that the acute form of the disease is caused by poisoning or taking certain medications, you must first flush the gastrointestinal tract and induce vomiting.

Drinking warm liquids and tea is shown on the first day. The next day, if the patient's condition has improved, he can gradually begin the process of feeding on liquid food. At first, it is recommended to use liquid soups from milk and cereals, meat and fish purees. Allowed also:

  • weak tea,
  • decoctions,
  • jelly,
  • honey.

When exacerbating, exclude from the diet:

  • fresh vegetables and fruits,
  • meat broths,
  • fermented milk products,
  • carbonated drinks,
  • coffee,
  • sweets,
  • any bakery products,
  • cheese.

All meals should be steamed and served lukewarm. The calorie content of the diet should not exceed 2000 kcal.

What you can eat for gastritis: a list of foods

Nutrition for gastritis of the stomach and a medical menu for every day should be planned, focusing on the rules of the fifth table. The attending physician will suggest a list of foods that are useful and should be in the diet. It will also determine a list of those delicacies that you will have to forget about with gastritis.

Below is a basic gastritis nutritional chart highlighting the main recommended foods.

Table - Proper nutrition for patients diagnosed with gastritis

Proteins, g Fat, g Carbohydrates, g Calories, kcal
Vegetables and herbs
zucchini 0. 6 0. 3 4. 6 24
cauliflower 2. 5 0. 3 5. 4 30
potatoes 2. 0 0. 4 18, 1 80
carrots 1, 3 0, 1 6. 9 32
beets 1. 5 0, 1 8. 8 40
pumpkin 1, 3 0. 3 7, 7 28
Cereals and cereals
buckwheat (unground) 12. 6 3. 3 62. 1 313
semolina 10. 3 1. 0 73. 3 328
oatmeal 11. 9 7. 2 69. 3 366
white rice 6. 7 0. 7 78. 9 344
Flour and pasta
noodles 12. 0 3. 7 60, 1 322
Bakery products
white bread rusks 11. 2 1. 4 72. 2 331
jam 0. 3 0. 2 63. 0 263
jelly 2. 7 0, 0 17. 9 79
marshmallow 0. 8 0, 0 78. 5 304
meringues 2. 6 20. 8 60. 5 440
marshmallow 0. 5 0, 0 80. 8 310
maria cookies 8. 7 8. 8 70. 9 400
Raw materials and seasonings
honey 0. 8 0, 0 81. 5 329
sugar 0, 0 0, 0 99. 7 398
milk sauce 2. 0 7, 1 5. 2 84
Dairy products
milk 3. 2 3. 6 4. 8 64
cream 2. 8 20. 0 3. 7 205
Cheese and curd
curd 17. 2 5. 0 1. 8 121
Meat products
boiled beef 25. 8 16. 8 0, 0 254
boiled veal 30. 7 0. 9 0, 0 131
rabbit 21. 0 8. 0 0, 0 156
boiled chicken 25. 2 7. 4 0, 0 170
turkey 19. 2 0. 7 0, 0 84
chicken eggs 12. 7 10. 9 0. 7 157
Oils and fats
butter 0. 5 82. 5 0. 8 748
Soft drinks
mineral water 0, 0 0, 0 0, 0 -
Juices and compotes
juice 0. 3 0, 1 9. 2 40
apricot juice 0. 9 0, 1 9. 0 38
jelly 0. 2 0, 0 16. 7 68
carrot juice 1, 1 0, 1 6. 4 28
pumpkin juice 0, 0 0, 0 9. 0 38
rosehip juice 0, 1 0, 0 17. 6 70
* data is indicated per 100 g of product
what can you eat with gastritis of the stomach

The therapeutic diet for gastritis provides for nutritious and tasty food. Other family members can join this table. The list of approved products allows you to experiment. For example, gastritis patients can make sweet curd casseroles or vegetable pies. Kissel will appeal to both adults and children. Fish pie or noodles will not leave you indifferent either.

What not to eat with gastritis: a list of foods

From the diet during exacerbation of gastritis, first of all, it is necessary to exclude spices, artificial food additives, spicy marinades, sauces and seasonings.

A list of what not to eat, as well as foods from which it is better to abstain:

Proteins, g Fat, g Carbohydrates, g Calories, kcal
Vegetables and herbs
legumes 9, 1 1. 6 27. 0 168
rutabaga 1, 2 0, 1 7, 7 37
cabbage 1. 8 0, 1 4. 7 27
sauerkraut 1. 8 0, 1 4. 4 19
green onion 1, 3 0, 0 4. 6 19
onions 1. 4 0, 0 10. 4 41
cucumbers 0. 8 0, 1 2. 8 15
canned cucumbers 2. 8 0, 0 1, 3 16
white radish 1. 4 0, 0 4. 1 21
turnips 1. 5 0, 1 6, 2 30
canned tomatoes 1, 1 0, 1 3. 5 20
hell 3. 2 0. 4 10. 5 56
spinach 2. 9 0. 3 2. 0 22
sorrel 1. 5 0. 3 2. 9 19
mushrooms 3. 5 2. 0 2. 5 30
Cereals and cereals
corn grits 8. 3 1, 2 75. 0 337
pearl barley 9. 3 1, 1 73, 7 320
millet groats 11. 5 3. 3 69. 3 348
barley grits 10. 4 1, 3 66. 3 324
candy 4. 3 19. 8 67. 5 453
Ice Cream
ice cream 3. 7 6. 9 22, 1 189
cake 4. 4 23. 4 45. 2 407
Raw materials and seasonings
mustard 5. 7 6. 4 22. 0 162
ginger 1. 8 0. 8 15. 8 80
ketchup 1. 8 1. 0 22. 2 93
mayonnaise 2. 4 67. 0 3. 9 627
ground black pepper 10. 4 3. 3 38. 7 251
chili pepper 2. 0 0. 2 9. 5 40
Dairy products
kefir 3. 4 2. 0 4. 7 51
sour cream 2. 8 20. 0 3. 2 206
curdled milk 2. 9 2. 5 4. 1 53
Meat products
pork 16. 0 21. 6 0, 0 259
ham 22. 6 20. 9 0, 0 279
sausage with / dried 24, 1 38. 3 1. 0 455
sausages 10. 1 31. 6 1. 9 332
sausages 12. 3 25. 3 0, 0 277
smoked chicken 27. 5 8. 2 0, 0 184
duck 16. 5 61. 2 0, 0 346
smoked duck 19. 0 28. 4 0, 0 337
goose 16. 1 33. 3 0, 0 364
Fish and Seafood
dried fish 17. 5 4. 6 0, 0 139
smoked fish 26. 8 9. 9 0, 0 196
canned fish 17. 5 2. 0 0, 0 88
Oils and fats
animal fat 0, 0 99. 7 0, 0 897
cooking fat 0, 0 99. 7 0, 0 897
Soft drinks
bread kvass 0. 2 0, 0 5. 2 27
black tea 20. 0 5, 1 6. 9 152
* data is indicated per 100 g of product
healthy food for gastritis

Before introducing one of the prohibited foods into the diet, you should consult a gastroenterologist.

Diet Recipes

Dietetics offers different recipes to diversify the diet for gastritis in adults and children. They have delicate heat treatment regimes, do not use spices and fats. The main rule of nutrition for a sick stomach: food should be of medium temperature. Eating hot or cold will aggravate ulcerative gastritis. We will describe some recipes for eating at home with stomach ailments below.

Mucous broth is popular for gastritis of the stomach. Such a product soothes the gastric mucosa, relieves chronic illness, and increases digestibility.

Slimy Rice Soup with Parsley


  • 1 parsley root;
  • 1 carrot;
  • 200 ml low-fat broth;
  • fine rice or rice groats;
  • butter on the tip of a knife.


  1. Put rice in broth.
  2. At the stage of partial readiness, the carrots and parsley root cut into pieces are poured into the broth.
  3. When all the ingredients are boiled, grind them through a sieve, blender.
  4. Add butter in portions to the plate.

Fish soup with egg

fish soup with egg for gastritis


  • 250 grams of low-fat fish broth;
  • 1 carrot;
  • 1 egg.


  1. Cut carrots into small pieces into the broth.
  2. Boil until tender.
  3. Add low-fat boiled fish to a plate and cut into an egg.

Vegetable stew


  • cauliflower;
  • potatoes;
  • bow;
  • zucchini;
  • carrots;
  • salt;
  • olive oil.

Stew in a little water on onions and carrots, chopped on a grater. After 10 minutes, add the rest of the diced vegetables. The stew is stewed until soft. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. The olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.

Menu for a week with gastritis of the stomach

Patients on a gastritis diet are advised to plan their weekly menu with recipes in advance. A clear plan of action will help you avoid harmful snacks. It is much easier when the necessary food is prepared in the patient's refrigerator. And a person knows how and what can be quickly cooked from them.

Proper nutrition for gastritis (menu for the week) may look like this:


Meal Dishes
Breakfast soft-boiled egg, toasted bread, oatmeal, apple and rosehip decoction
Lunch dried fruit compote (1 glass), biscuit
Lunch buckwheat soup, pumpkin puree, chicken zrazy, milk tea
Snack a glass of low-fat milk, yogurt or kefir, toast (not fried bread)
Dinner noodles with steamed beef meatballs, vegetable salad with sour cream
Bedtime a glass of low-fat fermented baked milk


Meal Dishes
Breakfast buckwheat porridge, milk soufflé, tea
Lunch sweet oat broth (1 cup)
Rice Lunch spaghetti soup with beef zrazy, peas with boiled carrots, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese
Dinner steamed vegetable casserole meatballs, herbal honey
Bedtime fruit jelly (glass)


Meal Dishes
Breakfast fermented milk cottage cheese and honey, toast, dried fruit compote
Lunch a glass of low-fat kefir or milk
Lunch mashed potato soup, vegetable and turkey casserole, dried fruit compote
Snack milk soufflé with fruit
Dinner rice porridge, boiled veal, boiled carrots with green peas, milk tea
Bedtime cocoa with milk, oatmeal cookies (no more than 2 pieces)


Meal Dishes
Breakfast oatmeal, boiled low-fat fish, tea with milk
Lunch jelly with milk
Lunch vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrot, steamed cutlet, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese
Dinner meatball, boiled peas, toast, dried fruit compote
Bedtime a glass of low-fat kefir or milk


Meal Dishes
Breakfast soft-boiled egg, toasted bread, oatmeal, cocoa with milk
Lunch oat broth (glass)
Lunch pea soup lean steamed fish, baked pumpkin
Snack jelly with milk
Dinner vegetable casserole, steamed lean fish, rosehip decoction
Bedtime low fat kefir (glass), oatmeal cookies (2 pcs. )


Meal Dishes
Breakfast baked apples with cottage cheese and raisins, toast, non-acidic juice
Lunch a glass of low-fat kefir or milk
Lunch chicken vegetable soup, mashed potatoes, steamed cutlet, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese and honey
Dinner boiled chicken noodles, baked pumpkin, cocoa with milk
Bedtime fruit jelly (glass)


Meal Dishes
Breakfast buckwheat porridge with milk, milk soufflé, tea
Lunch baked fruit, low-fat milk (glass)
Lunch soup with cauliflower, zrazy boiled rice, cocoa with milk
Snack vegetable casserole, tea
Dinner steamed lean fish, boiled carrots and green peas, vegetable salad with sour cream, rosehip decoction
Bedtime a glass of low-fat kefir
diet menu for gastritis

The above is an example of a weekly diet plan for a patient being treated for chronic gastritis. Such a menu is described in books on clinical nutrition and clinical nutrition.

Diet # 1 for gastritis and stomach ulcers

Such a diet has a well-chosen calorie content of up to 3000 kcal, which allows patients to lead an active lifestyle and not experience a deficit in energy. A rich selection of permitted foods for gastritis of the stomach creates a menu that will not get bored. This is important, because a person adheres to such a diet and diet for several months in order to restore the acidity of digestive juices. The first results with gastritis of the stomach can be found after 2 weeks of diet No. 1.

Treatment table completely excludes:

  1. Products with a high content of dietary fiber (fiber): millet, barley, wheat groats, cabbage of all kinds, radishes, Jerusalem artichoke, spinach;
  2. Any spicy, savory sauces and condiments;
  3. Fat, including pure oil, cannot be used for stomach ailments;
  4. Any broths (including mushroom broth, bean broth), sour first courses: pickles, okroshka, cold soups with the addition of kvass;
  5. Meat smoked and salted delicacies: fatty fish, salted meat, sausages and sausages should not be used in the diet for gastritis;
  6. Sour fruit or vegetable juice;
  7. Fresh baked goods;
  8. Fatty and spicy sorts of hard cheese, fermented milk cottage cheese;
  9. Coffee and strong brewed tea injure the stomach lining;
  10. Alcoholic drinks. They even in small amounts in the diet aggravate gastritis.

All products that can be used for gastritis are prepared by baking, stewing, steaming, baking (but without crusting), rough products - wipe.

Diet for the stomach includes:

  1. Steamed or baked fish dish;
  2. Non-acidic vegetables in the form of mashed potatoes: carrots, potatoes, pumpkin, zucchini. Fruits: fresh apple, peach without peel or prepare jelly, compote jelly, bake. Otherwise, you can injure the stomach lining;
  3. Low-fat milk, dairy products with low fat content (kefir). They will restore microflora and normalize the activity of the stomach during gastritis;
  4. Boiled vermicelli, pasta, buckwheat or oatmeal (it is possible to use crushed cereals). When preparing a side dish, you can add vegetable broth or milk;
  5. Dry biscuit without a layer, cookies without cream, sugar, soufflé dairy or from a non-sour fruit. They will serve as a source of energy in the diet for gastritis;
  6. White bread in the form of toasted toast or croutons;
  7. Soups (vegetable, meat, fish). A prerequisite for the diet: use low-fat, dietary raw materials. An ideal option for the stomach is warm mashed potato soup, oatmeal vegetable broth, egg soup;
  8. Low-fat rabbit meat, poultry: turkey fillet, skinless chicken breast. They just boil a whole piece for a couple, prepare a steam cutlet, meatball, meat puddings for gastritis;
  9. Light tea with plenty of milk, milk-based cocoa, rosehip diet drink. Depending on the acidity of the stomach, you can drink non-carbonated medicinal mineral water.

Diet No. 5 for gastritis

When gastritis is combined with cholecystitis, liver diseases, a person is advised to diet table number 5 at home. It is also prescribed for people with mild stomach inflammation. The diet limits the intake of foods rich in uric acid. The list of prohibited foods includes liver, yeast, canned fish, salmon, mushrooms, shrimp, mussels. The diet also limits the use of egg yolk.

Zucchini Vegetable Stew

vegetable stew with zucchini

To cook stew, you need to take 300 g of potatoes, 150 g of zucchini, 100 g of carrots, 2 tbsp. l. vegetable oil, 1 liter of water, carrot juice.

Zucchini and carrots are washed, sliced ​​and stewed with oil. The potatoes are washed, peeled, cut into large slices, filled with water and boiled until tender. Stewed vegetables are added to the finished potatoes with broth, salted, put on low heat for 10 minutes.

Cabbage casserole

The casserole is prepared from 150g cabbage, 2 tbsp. l. semolina, 1 egg white, 35 ml of milk, 1 tbsp. l. vegetable oil.

Mix all ingredients in a small container and let the semolina swell for 20 minutes. The cabbage is finely chopped and combined with the resulting mixture. A baking dish is greased with vegetable oil and placed in a preheated oven, baking until tender.

Consequences of not following the diet

In case of refusal to follow a diet for any type of gastritis, the patient may face the following problems:

  • vitamin deficiency;
  • diseases of the liver, pancreas, duodenum, large and small intestines (as a result of impaired stomach function);
  • significant weight loss (fear of eating);
  • peptic ulcer and its consequences: ulcer perforation, ulcer penetration - germination into the organ, bleeding;
  • formation of atrophic gastritis and its transformation into stomach cancer.

Dieting for gastritis not only makes life easier for the patient, but also disciplines the person.

The treatment table for gastritis is complete and healthy food, it is the normalization of the lifestyle, the rejection of bad habits and low-quality products. In addition, a diet for gastritis helps to normalize weight (those who have lost weight gain weight, and overweight people lose weight), since timely and nutritious nutrition not only normalizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract, but also all metabolic processes, and, therefore, strengthens the immune system.